Robots agricultural is in development. Agricultural machinery existed since the time of the Gauls, but for more delicate tasks, such as strawberries picking, one must still resort to human labor ... that it is hard to find because it is a thankless task. This is an area of ongoing experimentation, but even more interesting perspectives are possible.
Strawberry harvesting robot
This is why the Institute of Agricultural Machinery in Japan attacked the delicate agricultural tasks such as growing and harvesting of strawberries that require knowledge to assess the condition of fruit ripening.
This led to the manufacture of a robot that recognizes a fruit among the leaves and judge they are mature based on their color. It can then move its claws to pick them carefully.
The strawberry picker robot in action:
Another video on the robot farmer and its control system.
The particular interest of a robot in this area is that it can work at night (with lights) and provides truly fresh fruits on the market next day!
Once went into production it will allow growers to save millions of dollars if the size of theiir operation is important. The robot takes only 9 seconds per fruit.
The institute tested the robot on strawberries, and then will move to other fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes and grapes where color plays an important role.
The farm of robots
A laboratory of MIT, CSAIL (Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory) has created a fully experimental farm cultivated by robots, which communicate electronically with tomatoes.
Potted plants are equipped with sensors sending signals to robots who will know when it needs water or nutrients.
This first experience prepares to larger projects in which robots can act on large operation to combat parasites.
In this other farm, they are robots who do the milking, which lend themselves readily. Video:
For long farm machinery avoid farmers arduous tasks in crops and help feed a growing population. Fruits could also benefit from such mechanization, to reduce operating costs, but also to make them available without storage and without harmful preservatives, being picked as requested.
It is also conceivable armies of microrobots raking tirelessly crops to control pests and pesticides, and so reduce unhealthy substances.