Wikileaks. How it works?
Wikileaks has become known worldwide through the dissemination of videos taken by U.S. forces in Iraq and Afghanistan showing that the soldiers' behavior resembles that of the players on PC and consoles. A video called "Collateral Murder" was viewed by millions.
Then it's cablegate, the revelation of messages of U.S. embassies to their government.
- December 2006
Appearance of wikileaks.org. He said it is founded by Chinese dissidents, journalists, mathematicians and technologists from start-ups in several countries.
- January 2007
Julian Assange became the main spokesman for the site.
He announced to have 1.2 million secrets documents that they intends to publish.
- April 2010
On collateralmurder.com, publication of a video showing U.S. soldiers in Iraq in 2007, attacking civilians and journalists.
- July 2010
Publication of 76,000 secret documents on the war in Afghanistan.
- October 2010
400 000 classified documents on the Iraq war in Iraq Web Logs made public.
- November 2010
250 000 messages from embassies making judgments on politicians and revealing the hidden aspects of manoeuavres policies.
- Coming soon:
Revelations on U.S. banks.
Housed in a bunker
Wikileaks servers are safe in a bunker dating from the Cold War in the White Mountains Pionen in Sweden.
Noting that hackers were using the Tor network to transmit documents, the group began to filter content across the network to gather information.
Tor hides IP behind proxies and operates from a network server computers made by individuals. A member of wikileaks being part of this network, so access to content.
Another major source is an analyst for the U.S. Army, Bradley Manning, who made a backup of the contents of the computers of its service on a CD and forwarded it to the site.
The site also receives documents directly and is presented as a wiki, but not editable. Documents must be original to be published.
How it works
Wikileaks lives from donations. The organization founded as a nonprofit association employs a few people full time and 800 occasional volunteers.
It receives funding from the Associated Press, the Los Angeles Times and the National Newspaper Publishers Association. In return it provides its documents to newspapers, the site itself being down most of the time.
It is housed in the offices of Bahnhof as seen in video above.
The activity of Wikileaks is protected by Swedish constitution.
Last URL after numerous access problems due to hosting issues on the net and massive DDoS attacks to prevent access.
The wikileaks.org site is totally unavailable in November 2010 because the domain name resolver (which associates a name to an IP) abolished its resolution on the pretext of massive attacks.
Amazon has a time hosted the site, and EveryDNS was the domain name resolver. The first yielded to political pressure, the second to attacks.
It is still possible to access it directly with its IP: http://220.127.116.11/ or http://18.104.22.168/
- Wikileaks movie. Video.