Adding Events to Objects

In the first chapter, we have added a line to insert a file containing the JavaScript code in the page. This file now will be useful to us.
The goal of this chapter is to show how the user can interact with the page and how actions such as a click of the mouse can be recognized and associated to programs acting on the page.

How an action is added

One calls "event manager" a program which answers an action of the user. XAML makes it possible to handle these events, and each type of action of the user has a corresponding name in the language.
Here how the event is processed:

  1. In the XAML code one adds a line of the form:
  2. In the Javascript file one adds a corresponding function:
    function functionname()

Main recognized events

MouseLeftButtonDown: When one clicks on the left button of the mouse.
MouseLeftButtonUp: When it is released.
MouseEnter: The mouse enters into the surface of the object.
MouseLeave: It leaves there.
MouseMove: It moves on the surface.
Loaded: When the page is loaded.

Example of code: displaying Hello

In this simple example, the action of clicking on the page will display the message "Hello!".
One starts with a rectangle to which one the MouseLeftButtonDown event is added:

<Canvas etc.
the JavaScript code which displays the message:
function hello () 

Click on the yellow rectangle:

Example of code: changing color of a circle

The JavaScript event functions can receive two argument: sender, the object in which the event occurs, and args, a parameter list passed to the function.
Thus on can use the attributes of the object by associating them to sender which replaces the object inside the JavaScript function.
In this example, we will draw an ellipse and when the user clicks inside this image, its color will change from yellow to blue.
To do that we will associate the Fill attribute to sender, and we will assign to him the new color.


      Height="100" Width="100" 


And the JavaScript codes:

function mouseclic(sender, args)

In fact the circle should remain blue, so to restore the yellow color, an additional statement was added:


With another function Javascript:

function mouseup(sender, args)

See full source code: