How to give intelligence to robots?
How to give intelligence to robots? The servants of the future must be reliable and competent for the tasks to be performed. We should be able to fully rely on them.
Robots can just imitate humans
Rather than programming the robots before sending them to the workplace, a more efficient method has been developed by Carnegie Mellon University: imitation.
The robot observes the gesture made by a human, who is not necessarily an educator (of a robot), but can be anyone, a housewife for example, and tries to reproduce his gesture. He generally does not succeed the first time, but through a succession of successive attempts, he perfects himself and manages to perform the effective gesture.
Many examples are provided in videos on the Human2Robots website...
The operation of the robot is controlled by a general-purpose algorithm, WHIRL, In-the-Wild Human Imitating Robot Learning.
Robots can become more intelligent by asking for help
A company in Palo Alto, Willow Garage, believes that the best way to make intelligent robots, is that they would seek help to humans.
To put this idea into practice, it trains robots to recognize objects, and when they do not, they must ask men to identified them. The process linked together until they are able to recognize all objects.
The Californian company is considering the application of this method for his personal robot PR2. Personal in the same meaning as personal computers, it has two arms and is designed to make manipulation for labs and for enterprises. It could access areas dangerous to humans.
Is has built a system of interaction between the robot and the man to enable him to ask what he does not understand. The robot sends images of what he manipulates to assistants and when it appears in error, is corrected by them. This system could be coupled to a service offered by Amazon, Mechanical Turk, which connects via the Internet businesses and persons offering their services for specific tasks remaining in their homes.
Evolution is another way found by researchers to give intelligence to machines and turn them into androids advanced enough to live without problems among men.
In an essay, Evolution of adaptive behavior in robots by means of a Darwinian selection, the site Plosbiology explains how intelligence will come to robots.
Algorithms using the principle of evolution and selection exist. They can be applied to neural networks forming the behavior of the software of a robot.
The essay imagines that we can go further: to create a genome robot, make it evolve according to the capacity that it will prove, and by selection, keeping the more effective.
Sensors used to collision detection, are connected to the "neurons" and the genome is the blueprint for the interconnection of these neurons. The selection will focus on the schema allowing the robot to move the best ...
It is a European project for realization of humanoid robots capable of interacting with a human group. HUMAVIPS means: Humanoids with Auditory and Visual Abilities in Populated Spaces and translates. Covering a period of three years, he was allocated 2.6 million euros.
What exactly will the capacity to act within a group of people?
- They should be able to focus on a particular person, an interlocutor. So ignore all the other hand , verbal signals, except when they relate ...
- Choose people with whom they must act within the framework of a task entrusted to them.
- For this they will recognize the gestures that relate to their goals.
- And move towards those with whom it is useful to communicate.
Chad Jenkins has already shown by the experience of a robot's ability to identify and respond to facial gestures, on a PackBot model.
The ability to filter sounds is unique to human and animal brain. Giving to robots will make them closer to a humanoid capable of working with men, and this goes beyond what the NASA's Robonaute does.